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Medical Complications Post Stroke

Chapter 17
Medical Complications Post Stroke
Medical complications post-stroke are defined as medical or neurological problems that necessitate a physician’s order and require close attention and monitoring by medical staff (Chen et al. 2014; Dromerick & Reding 1994). These complications are separate from issues related to secondary stroke prevention, occur relatively frequently, and contribute to poor health outcomes (Doshi et al. 2003). Although the number of potential medical complications can be extensive for a given patient, the focus of this review is five of the most common and clinically relevant medical complications in the short- and long-term: urinary incontinence, venous thromboembolism, seizures, osteoporosis, central pain states, and post-stroke fatigue. As such, an understanding of these disorders is critically important to stroke care and management.
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