Skip to content Skip to navigation

Educational Modules

You are here

The following educational supplements were designed to present the information contained within the Evidence-Based Review of Stroke Rehabilitation in an alternative format. Specifically, they are intended to allow readers to review and test themselves on the key material from the EBRSR. Accordingly, each module will be presented in three different formats, one with questions only, one with questions and answers, and a full version that also includes a discussion of relevant issues associated with each question.

This section will be continually revised as existing modules are updated and new modules are added. It is anticipated that, when completed, this section will cover the following eight topics: Anatomy of Stroke Rehabilitation, Principles of Stroke Rehabilitation, Secondary Prevention of Stroke, Motor Recovery, Cognitive Disorders, Medical Complications, Psychosocial Issues, and Clinical Assessment Tools.

B. Principles of Stroke Rehabilitation Educational Supplement
This module reviews the background concepts, elements, and efficacy of stroke rehabilitation as well as management of the triage process and outpatient rehabilitation (Chapters 3-7 of the EBRSR). Some of the topics reviewed include the time course and mechanisms of recovery, the impact of age and stroke severity on recovery, admission to rehabilitation, stroke rehabilitation units, elements of care, the importance of task-specific training, outpatient therapy, and the classification of outcomes post-stroke.
C. Motor Recovery Post Stroke Educational Supplement
This module reviews material relating to mobility and the lower extremity, upper extremity interventions, and painful hemiplegic shoulder (Chapters 9-11 of the EBRSR). Some of the topics reviewed in this module include assessment of motor function, prognosis of motor recovery, gait and balance retraining, the Bobath approach vs. the neurodevelopmental thechnique, functional electrical stimulation, constraint-induced movement therapy, mental practice, spasticity post stroke, and hemiplegic shoulder pain.
D. Cognitive Disorders Post Stroke Educational Supplement
This module reviews material relating to cognitive disorders and apraxia, perceptual disorders, and aphasia (Chapters 12-14 of the EBRSR). Some of the topics reviewed in this module include assessment and treatment of cognitive disorders post stroke, depression and cognitive impairment, apraxia, assessment and treatment of visual perceptual disorders post stroke, Broca's aphasia, Wernicke aphasia, and conduction aphasia.
E. Medical Complications Educational Supplement
This module reviews material relating to dysphagia and aspiration, nutritional interventions, and other post-stroke medical complications (Chapters 15-17 of the EBRSR). Some of the topics reviewed in this module include the assessment and treatment of dysphagia, nutritional issues, deep venous thrombosis, post-stroke seizure disorders, central pain state, and urinary incontinence.
F. Psychosocial Issues Educational Supplement
This module reviews material relating to topics such as post-stroke depression and community reintegration (Chapters 18 and 19 of the EBRSR). Some of the topics reviewed in this module include the prevention and treatment of post-stroke depression, the importance of social supports, social support and family interventions, as well as issues related to sexuality, driving, and returning to work post-stroke.
G. Secondary Prevention of Stroke Educational Supplement
This module reviews material relating to the management and treatment of modifiable risk factors for the secondary prevention of stroke (Chapter 8 of the EBRSR). Some of the topics reviewed in this module include hypertension, hyperlipidemia and hypercholesterolemia, diabetes, lifestyle modification, homocysteine, antiplatelet agents, atrial fibrillation, patent foramen ovale, and carotid artery stenosis.
H. Clinical Assessment Tools
This module provides an overview of 30 of the most commonly used assessment tools in stroke rehabilitation research and practice (Chapter 21 of the EBRSR). For each outcome measure the following five questions are addressed: 1) what does it measure, 2) what is the scale, 3) what are the key scores, 4) what are its strengths, and 5) what are its limitations. A summary chart relating to the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of each measure is also presented.